Concrete is the most utilized man made building material in the world. Twice as much concrete is used around the world than other construction materials such as steel, wood, aluminium and plastics.
The material of choice given its superior properties of strength, durability and cost, concrete has many important properties relevant to sustainable construction:
- Strength & Durability
- Low Maintenance
- Fire Resistance
- Insulation Properties
- Locally Produced and Used
- Reflective Qualities
- Low Life Cycle Carbon Dioxide Emissions
During the life of a concrete building, 80% of the carbon dioxide emissions are generated not by the production of the materials used in its construction, but by electric utilities such as lighting, heating and air-conditioning.
Well designed concrete buildings effectively balance the three dimensions of sustainability; Social, Environmental and Economic. As an inert material, concrete creates a healthy, low allergenic indoor environment, while its sound proofing properties provide a quiet living space.
The efficient thermal performance of a concrete intensive building reduces energy demand, making the structure more economical to heat and cool, delivering significant Greenhouse Gas Reduction.